TSP Volume 67 Issue 14

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July, 2019

TSP Volume 67 Issue 14

A critical task of a radar receiver is data association, which assigns radar target detections to target filter tracks. Motivated by its importance, this paper introduces the problem of jointly designing multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar transmit beam patterns and the corresponding data association schemes.

This paper reformulates adaptive filters (AFs) in the framework of geometric algebra (GA), developing a complete study of the resulting geometric-algebra adaptive filters (GAAFs). They are generated by formulating the underlying minimization problem (a deterministic cost function) from the perspective of GA, a comprehensive mathematical language well suited for the description of geometric transformations.

We exploit persymmetric structures to design a generalized likelihood ratio test for detecting subspace signals in homogeneous Gaussian clutter with unknown covariance matrix. The subspace model is employed to account for mismatches in the target steering vector. An exact but finite-sum expression for the probability of false alarm of the proposed detector is derived, which is verified using Monte Carlo simulations.

The robust adaptive beamforming design problem based on estimation of the signal-of-interest (SOI) steering vector is considered in the paper. The common criteria to find the best estimate of the steering vector are the beamformer output signal-to-noise-plus-interference ratio (SINR) and output power, while the constraints assume as little as possible prior inaccurate knowledge about the SOI, the propagation media, and the antenna array.

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