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TSP Featured Articles

Distributed estimation fusion is concerned with the combination of local estimates from multiple distributed sensors to produce a fused result. In this paper, we characterize local estimates as posterior probability densities, and assume that they all belong to a parametric family. Our starting point is to consider this family as a Riemannian manifold by introducing the Fisher information metric.

Linear regression models contaminated by Gaussian noise (inlier) and possibly unbounded sparse outliers are common in many signal processing applications. Sparse recovery inspired robust regression (SRIRR) techniques are shown to deliver high-quality estimation performance in such regression models. Unfortunately, most SRIRR techniques assume a priori knowledge of noise statistics like inlier noise variance or outlier statistics like number of outliers.

Recently, many sparse arrays have been proposed to increase the number of degrees of freedom for direction of arrival (DoA) estimation especially for circular signals. Though many practical signals are noncircular, still the properties of noncircularity are hardly exploited in the design of sparse linear arrays. A new array geometry for noncircular signals, which significantly increases the aperture of the virtual array, has been proposed in this paper. 

Various signal processing applications can be expressed as large-scale optimization problems with a composite objective structure, where the Lipschitz constant of the smooth part gradient is either not known, or its local values may only be a fraction of the global value. The smooth part may be strongly convex as well. The algorithms capable of addressing this problem class in its entirety are black-box accelerated first-order methods, related to either Nesterov's Fast Gradient Method or the Accelerated Multistep Gradient Scheme, which were developed and analyzed using the estimate sequence mathematical framework.

Incorporating graphs in the analysis of multivariate signals is becoming a standard way to understand the interdependency of activity recorded at different sites. The new research frontier in this direction includes the important problem of how to assess dynamic changes of signal activity. We address this problem in a novel way by defining the graph-variate signal alongside methods for its analysis.

In this paper, four iterative algorithms for learning analysis operators are presented. They are built upon the same optimization principle underlying both Analysis K-SVD and Analysis SimCO. The forward and sequential analysis operator learning (AOL) algorithms are based on projected gradient descent with optimally chosen step size. The implicit AOL algorithm is inspired by the implicit Euler scheme for solving ordinary differential equations and does not require to choose a step size.

We generalize the 1-bit matrix completion problem to higher order tensors. Consider a rank- r order- d tensorT in RN ××RN  with bounded entries. We show that when r=O(1) , such a tensor can be estimated efficiently from only m=Or (Nd)  binary measurements. This shows that the sample complexity of recovering a low-rank tensor from 1-bit measurements of a subset of its entries is roughly the same as recovering it from unquantized measurements—a result that had been known only in the matrix case, i.e., when d=2.

In this paper, learning of tree-structured Gaussian graphical models from distributed data is addressed. In our model, samples are stored in a set of distributed machines where each machine has access to only a subset of features. A central machine is then responsible for learning the structure based on received messages from the other nodes. We present a set of communication-efficient strategies, which are theoretically proved to convey sufficient information for reliable learning of the structure.

Extracting information from a signal exhibiting damped resonances is a challenging task in many practical cases due to the presence of noise and high attenuation. The interpretation of the signal relies on a model whose order (i.e., the number of resonances) is in general unknown.

Classical algorithms for the multiple measurement vector (MMV) problem assume either independent columns for the solution matrix or certain models of correlation among the columns. The correlation structure in the previous MMV formulation does not capture the signals well for some applications like photoplethysmography (PPG) signal extraction where the signals are independent and linearly mixed in a certain manner. In practice, the mixtures of these signals are observed through different channels.

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