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The large antenna arrays with hybrid analog and digital (HAD) architectures can provide a large aperture with low cost and hardware complexity, resulting in enhanced direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation and reduced power consumption. This paper investigates the trade-off between DOA estimation and power consumption in large antenna arrays with HAD architectures.

We present a general nonlinear Bayesian filter for high-dimensional state estimation using the theory of reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS). By applying the kernel method and the representer theorem to perform linear quadratic estimation in a functional space, we derive a Bayesian recursive state estimator for a general nonlinear dynamical system in the original input space. Unlike existing nonlinear extensions of the Kalman filter where the system dynamics are assumed known, the state-space representation for the Functional Bayesian Filter (FBF) is completely learned online from measurement data in the form of an infinite impulse response (IIR) filter or recurrent network in the RKHS, with universal approximation property.

In this paper, we propose CE-BASS, a particle mixture Kalman filter which is robust to both innovative and additive outliers, and able to fully capture multi-modality in the distribution of the hidden state. Furthermore, the particle sampling approach re-samples past states, which enables CE-BASS to handle innovative outliers which are not immediately visible in the observations, such as trend changes.

Time-of-arrival (TOA) based localization plays a central role in current and future localization systems. Such systems, exploiting the fine delay resolution properties of wideband and ultra-wideband (UWB) signals, are particularly attractive for ranging under harsh propagation conditions in which significant multipath may be present. While multipath has been traditionally considered detrimental in the design of TOA estimators, it can be exploited to benefit ranging.

Target detection is studied for a cloud multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar using quantized measurements. According to the local sensor quantization strategies and fusion strategies, this paper discusses three methods: quantize local test statistics which are linearly fused (QTLF), quantize local test statistics which are optimally fused (QTOF), and quantize local received signals which are optimally fused (QROF).

In this work, we analyze the convergence of constant modulus algorithm (CMA) in blindly recovering multiple signals to facilitate grant-free wireless access. The CMA typically solves a non-convex problem by utilizing stochastic gradient descent. The iterative convergence of CMA can be affected by additive channel noise and finite number of samples, which is a problem not fully investigated previously.

Wedevelop a privacy-preserving distributed projection least mean squares (LMS) strategy over linear multitask networks, where agents’ local parameters of interest or tasks are linearly related. Each agent is interested in not only improving its local inference performance via in-network cooperation with neighboring agents, but also protecting its own individual task against privacy leakage. In our proposed strategy, at each time instant, each agent sends a noisy estimate, which is its local intermediate estimate corrupted by a zero-mean additive noise, to its neighboring agents.

This paper studies a statistical model for heteroscedastic ( i.e. , power fluctuating) signals embedded in white Gaussian noise. Using the Riemannian geometry theory, we propose an unified approach to tackle several problems related to this model. The first axis of contribution concerns parameters (signal subspace and power factors) estimation, for which we derive intrinsic Cramér-Rao bounds and propose a flexible Riemannian optimization algorithmic framework in order to compute the maximum likelihood estimator (as well as other cost functions involving the parameters).

This paper addresses the problem of target detection against a background of Gaussian clutter by using frequency snapshots with reduced degrees of freedom (DOF). We derive the optimal detector and detection performance under the Neyman-Pearson criterion for general frequency snapshot selection with arbitrary DOF. When the clutter statistics are unknown, we use a uniformly random frequency snapshot selection method and show how the DOF employed affects the detection performance. 

Spatial registration and track-to-track association (which are mutually coupled) are essential parts in the process of multi-sensor information fusion. The quality of the spatial registration and track association algorithm directly influences the subsequent fusion performance.


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