The rapid advancement and proliferation of information and communication technologies in the past two decades significantly impacted how we do research. The research process has been digitalized and is increasingly relying on growing computing power and storage capacity to gather and process a constant production of data—our observations of systems and phenomena we would like to understand, control, and improve.
In many signal processing applications, filtering is accomplished through linear time-invariant (LTI) systems described by linear constant-coefficient differential and difference equations since they are conveniently implemented using either analog or digital hardware . An LTI system can be completely characterized in the time domain by its impulse response or in the frequency domain by its frequency response, which is the Fourier transform of the system’s impulse response.
Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most widely used dimension reduction techniques. A related easier problem is termed subspace learning or subspace estimation. Given relatively clean data, both are easily solved via singular value decomposition (SVD). The problem of subspace learning or PCA in the presence of outliers is called robust subspace learning (RSL) or robust PCA (RPCA).
Low-rank modeling plays a pivotal role in signal processing and machine learning, with applications ranging from collaborative filtering, video surveillance, and medical imaging to dimensionality reduction and adaptive filtering. Many modern high-dimensional data and interactions thereof can be modeled as lying approximately in a low-dimensional subspace or manifold, possibly with additional structures, and its proper exploitations lead to significant cost reduction in sensing, computation, and storage.
Individual feature articles and special issues are two major mechanisms of full-length tutorial surveys of IEEE Signal Processing Magazine (SPM). Since the May 2016 feature article cluster by Jane Wang et al. on brain signal analytics, SPM’s current and past editors-in-chief and their teams have been exploring a different way to complement this existing structure - a feature article cluster (or mini special issue) that allows for a set of three to five solicited articles on a current topic, instead of just one (feature article) or ten to 11 (a special issue).
I love the last scene from the movie Planet of the Apes (1968), which revealed how the human race destroyed its beautiful planet only to be overtaken by intelligent apes. In that movie, humans were the victims of their own intelligence.
I just got back from the 2018 International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. One of the highlights for me as editor-in-chief (EIC) of IEEE Signal Processing Magazine (SPM) is SPM’s editorial board meeting.
Discrete-time rational transfer functions are often converted to parallel second-order sections due to better numerical performance compared to direct form infinite impulse response (IIR) implementations. This is usually done by performing partial fraction expansion over the original transfer function.
With the proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) applications, billions of household appliances, phones, smart devices, security systems, environment sensors, vehicles, buildings, and other radio-connected devices will transmit data and communicate with each other or people, and it will be possible to constantly measure and track virtually everything.
Sparse representation can efficiently model signals in different applications to facilitate processing. In this article, we will discuss various applications of sparse representation in wireless communications, with a focus on the most recent compressive sensing (CS)-enabled approaches.
Advancements in signal processing have the power to transform and shape society For many of us, it’s difficult to recall a time when our mobile phones were too big for our pockets, or our laptops weren’t paper-thin. But it wasn’t long ago that disk drives – the technology that stores data on digital devices – were the size of a room. Today, while they’re more like t... Why This Signal Processing Pioneer Takes the Road Less Traveled
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