Deep Image Registration With Depth-Aware Homography Estimation

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Deep Image Registration With Depth-Aware Homography Estimation

Chenwei Huang; Xiong Pan; Jingchun Cheng; Jiajie Song

Image registration is a basic task in computer vision, for its wide potential applications in image stitching, stereo vision, motion estimation, and etc. Most current methods achieve image registration by estimating a global homography matrix between candidate images with point-feature-based matching or direct prediction. However, as real-world 3D scenes have point-variant photograph distances (depth), a unified homography matrix is not sufficient to depict the specific pixel-wise relations between two images. Some researchers try to alleviate this problem by predicting multiple homography matrixes for different patches or segmentation areas in images; in this letter, we tackle this problem with further refinement, i.e. matching images with pixel-wise, depth-aware homography estimation. Firstly, we construct an efficient convolutional network, the DPH-Net , to predict the essential parameters causing image deviation, the rotation ( R ) and translation ( T ) of cameras. Then, we feed-in an image depth map for the calculation of initial pixel-wise homography matrixes, which are refined with an online optimization scheme. Finally, with the estimated pixel-specific homography parameters, pixel correspondences between candidate images can be easily computed for registration. Compared with state-of-the-art image registration algorithms, the proposed DPH-Net has the highest performance of 0.912 EPE and 0.977 SSIM, demonstrating the effectiveness of adding depth information and estimating pixel-wise homography into the image registration process.

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