Wireless Digital Communication Technologies for Drilling: Communication in the Bits/s Regime

You are here

Top Reasons to Join SPS Today!

1. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine
2. Signal Processing Digital Library*
3. Inside Signal Processing Newsletter
4. SPS Resource Center
5. Career advancement & recognition
6. Discounts on conferences and publications
7. Professional networking
8. Communities for students, young professionals, and women
9. Volunteer opportunities
10. Coming soon! PDH/CEU credits
Click here to learn more.

Wireless Digital Communication Technologies for Drilling: Communication in the Bits/s Regime

By: 
Arnaud Jarrot, Andriy Gelman, Julius Kusuma

Drilling is the riskiest activity in the oil-field exploration and development stage. Real-time measurements are needed to monitor drilling conditions to keep it in the safe operating envelope, guide the drilling system into the most productive zones, and provide information for further stages in the completion of the well. In this article, we describe digital communication systems for drilling, including data transmission and data compression. We begin by describing data transmission techniques used for two systems: mud-pulse telemetry (MPT) and electromagnetic (EM) telemetry. The former conveys data through fluid pressure inside the drilling system, while the latter does so through EM waves that propagate through the formation. These two systems are used in nearly all modern oil-field drilling operations. As the data rates of the two systems are limited to the bits/s regime, data compression is very important, in particular, for the real-time transmission of images. We review recent advances in digital communication - inspired by specific channel and geological models - that have enabled the drilling of record-breaking wells in terms of measured depth and operations in very challenging environments. 

The success or failure of drilling determines the resulting well construction and the well’s ultimate productivity.

SPS on Twitter

SPS Videos


Signal Processing in Home Assistants

 


Multimedia Forensics


Careers in Signal Processing             

 


Under the Radar