Jointly Using Low-Rank and Sparsity Priors for Sparse Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging

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Jointly Using Low-Rank and Sparsity Priors for Sparse Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging

By: 
Wei Qiu; Jianxiong Zhou; Qiang Fu

The inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging technique of a moving target with sparse sampling data has attracted wide attention due to its ability to reduce the data collection burden. However, traditional low-rank or 2D compressive sensing (CS)-based ISAR imaging methods can handle the random sampling or the separable sampling data only. When the specific data collection condition cannot be satisfied, low-rank or 2D CS-based methods cannot provide satisfactory imaging results any more. To remedy this problem, in this paper, we proposed a joint low-rank and sparsity priors' constrained model for ISAR imaging with various sparse data patterns. This model is inspired by the facts that the received radar data have a low-rank property and the ISAR image is sparse on the specific dictionary. Two reconstruction algorithms to solve the double priors' constrained optimization problem are developed under the alternative direction method of multipliers (ADMM) framework with the help of augmented Lagrange multipliers (ALM). Results on simulation data and real data show that the proposed methods are quite effective in recovering missing samples and focused image and perform better than the matrix completion-based method and the sparse representation-based method when dealing with the various kinds of sparse sampling data.

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