Personal Sound Zones by Subband Filtering and Time Domain Optimization

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Personal Sound Zones by Subband Filtering and Time Domain Optimization

By: 
Vicent Molés-Cases; Gema Piñero; Maria de Diego; Alberto Gonzalez

Personal Sound Zones (PSZ) systems aim to render independent sound signals to multiple listeners within a room by using arrays of loudspeakers. One of the algorithms used to provide PSZ is Weighted Pressure Matching (wPM), which computes the filters required to render a desired response in the listening zones while reducing the acoustic energy arriving to the quiet zones. This algorithm can be formulated in time and frequency domains. In general, the time-domain formulation (wPM-TD) can obtain good performance with shorter filters and delays than the frequency-domain formulation (wPM-FD). However, wPM-TD requires higher computation for obtaining the optimal filters. In this article, we propose a novel approach to the wPM algorithm named Weighted Pressure Matching with Subband Decomposition (wPMSD), which formulates an independent time-domain optimization problem for each of the subbands of a Generalized Discrete Fourier Transform (GDFT) filter bank. Solving the optimization independently for each subband has two main advantages: 1) lower computational complexity than wPM-TD to compute the optimal filters; 2) higher versatility than the classic wPM algorithms, as it allows different configurations (sets of loudspeakers, filter lengths, etc.) in each subband. Moreover, filtering the input signals with a GDFT filter bank (as in wPM-SD) requires lower computational effort than broadband filtering (as in wPM-TD and wPM-FD), which is beneficial for practical PSZ systems. We present experimental evaluations showing that wPM-SD offers very similar performance to wPM-TD. In addition, two cases where the versatility of wPM-SD is beneficial for a PSZ system are presented and experimentally validated. 

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