The last few years have witnessed a tremendous growth of the demand for wireless services and a significant increase of the number of mobile subscribers. A recent data traffic forecast from Cisco reported that the global mobile data traffic reached 1.2 zettabytes per year in 2016, and the global IP traffic will increase nearly threefold over the next 5 years. Based on these predictions, a 127-fold increase of the IP traffic is expected from 2005 to 2021. It is also anticipated that the mobile data traffic will reach 3.3 zettabytes per year by 2021, and that the number of mobile-connected devices will reach 3.5 per capita.
With such demands for higher data rates and for better quality of service (QoS), fifth generation (5G) standardization initiatives, whose initial phase was specified in June 2018 under the umbrella of Long Term Evolution (LTE) Release 15, have been under vibrant investigation. In particular, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has identified three usage scenarios (service categories) for 5G wireless networks: (i) enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), (ii) ultra-reliable and low latency communications (uRLLC), and (iii) massive machine type communications (mMTC). The vast variety of applications for beyond 5G wireless networks has motivated the necessity of novel and more flexible physical layer (PHY) technologies, which are capable of providing higher spectral and energy efficiencies, as well as reduced transceiver implementations.
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The recently introduced Spatial Spectral Compressive Spectral Imager (SSCSI) has been proposed as an alternative to carry out spatial and spectral coding using a binary ON-OFF coded aperture. In SSCSI, the pixel pitch size of the coded aperture, as well as its location with respect to the detector array, plays a critical role in the quality of image reconstruction. In this paper, a rigorous discretization model for this architecture is developed, based on a light propagation analysis across the imager. The attainable spatial and spectral resolution, and the various parameters affecting them, is derived through this process. Much like the displacement of zoom lens components leads to higher spatial resolution of a scene, a shift of the coded aperture in the SSCSI in reference to the detector leads to higher spectral resolution. This allows the recovery of spectrally detailed datacubes by physically displacing the mask toward the spectral plane. To prove the underlying concepts, computer simulations and experimental data are presented in this paper.
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