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TCI Featured Articles

Photometric stereo is a method that seeks to reconstruct the normal vectors of an object from a set of images of the object illuminated under different light sources. While effective in some situations, classical photometric stereo relies on a diffuse surface model that cannot handle objects with complex reflectance patterns, and it is sensitive to non-idealities in the images.

This paper presents a new robust PCA method for foreground-background separation on freely moving camera video with possible dense and sparse corruptions. Our proposed method registers the frames of the corrupted video and then encodes the varying perspective arising from camera motion as missing data in a global model. 

Camera-based face detection and verification have advanced to the point where they are ready to be integrated into myriad applications, from household appliances to Internet of Things devices to drones. Many of these applications impose stringent constraints on the form-factor, weight, and cost of the camera package that cannot be met by current-generation lens-based imagers.

The recently introduced Spatial Spectral Compressive Spectral Imager (SSCSI) has been proposed as an alternative to carry out spatial and spectral coding using a binary ON-OFF coded aperture. In SSCSI, the pixel pitch size of the coded aperture, as well as its location with respect to the detector array, plays a critical role in the quality of image reconstruction. In this paper, a rigorous discretization model for this architecture is developed, based on a light propagation analysis across the imager.

Signal reconstruction is a challenging aspect of computational imaging as it often involves solving ill-posed inverse problems. Recently, deep feed-forward neural networks have led to state-of-the-art results in solving various inverse imaging problems. However, being task specific, these networks have to be learned for each inverse problem. On the other hand, a more flexible approach would be to learn a deep generative model once and then use it as a signal prior for solving various inverse problems.

It is well-established in the compressive sensing (CS) literature that sensing matrices whose elements are drawn from independent random distributions exhibit enhanced reconstruction capabilities. In many CS applications, such as electromagnetic imaging, practical limitations on the measurement system prevent one from generating sensing matrices in this fashion.

The low-rank plus sparse (L+S) decomposition model enables the reconstruction of undersampled dynamic parallel magnetic resonance imaging data. Solving for the low rank and the sparse components involves nonsmooth composite convex optimization, and algorithms for this problem can be categorized into proximal gradient methods and variable splitting methods. This paper investigates new efficient algorithms for both schemes.

Ghost imaging has recently been successfully achieved in the X-ray regime. Due to the penetrating power of X-rays this immediately opens up the possibility of ghost-tomography. No research into this topic currently exists in the literature. Here, we present adaptations of conventional X-ray tomography techniques to this new ghost-imaging scheme. Several numerical implementations for tomography through X-ray ghost-imaging are considered.

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