TIP Volume 32 | 2023

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TIP Volume 32 | 2023

As an important yet challenging task in Earth observation, change detection (CD) is undergoing a technological revolution, given the broadening application of deep learning. Nevertheless, existing deep learning-based CD methods still suffer from two salient issues: 1) incomplete temporal modeling, and 2) space-time coupling. In view of these issues, we propose a more explicit and sophisticated modeling of time and accordingly establish a pair-to-video change detection (P2V-CD) framework. First, a pseudo transition video that carries rich temporal information is constructed from the input image pair, interpreting CD as a problem of video understanding.

How to avoid biased predictions is an important and active research question in scene graph generation (SGG). Current state-of-the-art methods employ debiasing techniques such as resampling and causality analysis. However, the role of intrinsic cues in the features causing biased training has remained under-explored. In this paper, for the first time, we make the surprising observation that object identity information, in the form of object label embeddings (e.g. GLOVE), is principally responsible for biased predictions. 

Unsupervised person re-identification (re-ID) remains a challenging task. While extensive research has focused on the framework design and loss function, this paper shows that sampling strategy plays an equally important role. We analyze the reasons for the performance differences between various sampling strategies under the same framework and loss function. We suggest that deteriorated over-fitting is an important factor causing poor performance, and enhancing statistical stability can rectify this problem. 

Human action recognition (HAR) is one of most important tasks in video analysis. Since video clips distributed on networks are usually untrimmed, it is required to accurately segment a given untrimmed video into a set of action segments for HAR. As an unsupervised temporal segmentation technology, subspace clustering learns the codes from each video to construct an affinity graph, and then cuts the affinity graph to cluster the video into a set of action segments. 

To robustly detect arbitrary-shaped scene texts, bottom-up methods are widely explored for their flexibility. Due to the highly homogeneous texture and cluttered distribution of scene texts, it is nontrivial for segmentation-based methods to discover the separatrixes between adjacent instances. To effectively separate nearby texts, many methods adopt the seed expansion strategy that segments shrunken text regions as seed areas, and then iteratively expands the seed areas into intact text regions.

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