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As an important yet challenging task in Earth observation, change detection (CD) is undergoing a technological revolution, given the broadening application of deep learning. Nevertheless, existing deep learning-based CD methods still suffer from two salient issues: 1) incomplete temporal modeling, and 2) space-time coupling. In view of these issues, we propose a more explicit and sophisticated modeling of time and accordingly establish a pair-to-video change detection (P2V-CD) framework. First, a pseudo transition video that carries rich temporal information is constructed from the input image pair, interpreting CD as a problem of video understanding. Then, two decoupled encoders are utilized to spatially and temporally recognize the type of transition, and the encoders are laterally connected for mutual promotion. Furthermore, the deep supervision technique is applied to accelerate the model training. We illustrate experimentally that the P2V-CD method compares favorably to other state-of-the-art CD approaches in terms of both the visual effect and the evaluation metrics, with a moderate model size and relatively lower computational overhead. Extensive feature map visualization experiments demonstrate how our method works beyond making contrasts between bi-temporal images. Source code is available at https://github.com/Bobholamovic/CDLab.
Change detection (CD) aims at identifying changes occurring between two or more images acquired in the same geographical area at different times  and has long been a topic of immense interest in remote sensing. A typical CD model accepts a bi-temporal image pair and predicts a change map that delineates the change type at each pixel, expressed as either change or no-change in a binary CD problem. CD plays a role in a wide array of applications including damage assessment , urban studies , ecosystem monitoring , agricultural surveying , and resource management .