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IEEE TCI Article

Conventional digital cameras typically accumulate all the photons within an exposure period to form a snapshot image. It requires the scene to be quite still during the imaging time, otherwise it would result in blurry image for the moving objects. Recently, a retina-inspired spike camera has been proposed and shown great potential for recording high-speed motion scenes. Instead of capturing the visual scene by a single snapshot, the spike camera records the dynamic light intensity variation continuously.

In this work, a new nonlinear framework is presented for superior reconstructions in ultrasound-modulated optical tomography. The framework is based on minimizing a functional comprising of least squares data fitting term along with additional sparsity priors that promote high contrast, subject to the photon-propagation diffusion equation. The resulting optimization problem is solved using a sequential quadratic Hamiltonian scheme, based on the Pontryagin’s maximum principle, that does not involve semi-smooth calculus and is easy to implement.

In this paper, we develop a framework against inference attacks aimed at inferring the values of the controller gains of an active steering control system (ASCS). We first show that an adversary with access to the shared information by a vehicle, via a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), can reliably infer the values of the controller gains of an ASCS. This vulnerability may expose the driver as well as the manufacturer of the ASCS to severe financial and safety risks. 

Privacy-preserving techniques for processing sets of information have attracted the research community’s attention in recent years due to society’s increasing dependency on the availability of data at any time. One of the fundamental problems in set operations is known as Private Set Intersection (PSI). The problem requires two parties to compute the intersection between their sets while preserving correctness and privacy. Although several efficient two-party PSI protocols already exist, protocols for PSI in the multi-party setting (MPSI) currently scale poorly with a growing number of parties, even though this applies to many real-life scenarios. 

In this paper, we propose a new design for single sensor compressive HDR light field cameras, combining multi-ISO photography with coded mask acquisition, placed in a compressive sensing framework. The proposed camera model is based on a main lens, a multi-ISO sensor and a coded mask located in the optical path between the main lens and the sensor that projects the coded spatio-angular information of the light field onto the 2D sensor. The model encompasses different acquisition scenarios with different ISO patterns and gains.

We propose Coordinate-based Internal Learning (CoIL) as a new deep-learning (DL) methodology for continuous representation of measurements. Unlike traditional DL methods that learn a mapping from the measurements to the desired image, CoIL trains a multilayer perceptron (MLP) to encode the complete measurement field by mapping the coordinates of the measurements to their responses. CoIL is a self-supervised method that requires no training examples besides the measurements of the test object itself. 

Tomography has been widely used in many fields. The theoretical basis of tomography is the Radon transform, which is the line integral along a radial line oriented at a specific angle. In practice, the detector that collects the projection has a certain width, which does not coincide with the line integral. Therefore, the resolution of the reconstructed image will be reduced. In order to overcome the effect of the detector width on the reconstruction quality, some reconstruction methods have taken the influence of the detector width into account and have achieved high reconstruction quality, such as the distance-driven model (DDM) and the area integral model (AIM). 

Recent efforts on solving inverse problems in imaging via deep neural networks use architectures inspired by a fixed number of iterations of an optimization method. The number of iterations is typically quite small due to difficulties in training networks corresponding to more iterations; the resulting solvers cannot be run for more iterations at test time without incurring significant errors.

Given a spectral library, sparse unmixing aims to estimate the fractional proportions in each pixel of a hyperspectral image scene. However, the ever-growing dimensionality of spectral dictionaries strongly limits the performance of sparse unmixing algorithms. In this study, we propose a novel dictionary pruning (DP) approach to improve the performance of sparse unmixing algorithms, making them more accurate and time-efficient.

In cell and molecular biology, the fusion of green fluorescent protein (GFP) and phase contrast (PC) images aims to generate a composite image, which can simultaneously display the functional information in the GFP image related to the molecular distribution of biological living cells and the structural information in the PC image such as nucleus and mitochondria. In this paper, we propose a detail preserving cross network (DPCN), which consists of a structural-guided functional feature extraction branch (SFFEB), a functional-guided structural feature extraction branch (FSFEB) and a detail preserving module (DPM), to address the GFP and PC image fusion issue.


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