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IEEE TCI Article

The image blurring that results from moving a camera with the shutter open is normally regarded as undesirable. However, the blurring of the images encapsulates information that can be extracted to recover the light rays present within the scene. Given the correct recovery of the light rays that resulted in a blurred image, it is possible to reconstruct images...

The intrinsically limited spatial resolution of positron emission tomography (PET) confounds image quantitation. This paper presents an image deblurring and super-resolution framework for PET using anatomical guidance provided by high-resolution magnetic resonance (MR) images. The framework relies on image-domain postprocessing of already-reconstructed PET images by means of spatially variant deconvolution stabilized by an MR-based joint entropy penalty function.

DUAL-energy computed tomography (DECT) differentiates materials by exploiting the varying material linear attenuation coefficients (LACs) for different x-ray energy spectra. Multi-material decomposition (MMD) is a particularly attractive DECT clinical application to distinguish the complicated material components within the human body. 

Resolution enhancements are often desired in imaging applications where high-resolution sensor arrays are difficult to obtain. Many computational imaging methods have been proposed to encode high-resolution scene information on low-resolution sensors by cleverly modulating light from the scene before it hits the sensor. 

Dictionary learning for sparse representations is generally conducted in two alternating steps-sparse coding and dictionary updating. In this paper, a new approach to solve the sparse coding step is proposed. Because this step involves an 0 -norm, most, if not all, existing solutions only provide a local or approximate solution. Instead, a real 0 optimization is considered for the sparse coding problem providing a global solution. 

Coded illumination can enable quantitative phase microscopy of transparent samples with minimal hardware requirements. Intensity images are captured with different source patterns, then a nonlinear phase retrieval optimization reconstructs the image. The nonlinear nature of the processing makes optimizing the illumination pattern designs complicated. 

Photometric stereo is a method that seeks to reconstruct the normal vectors of an object from a set of images of the object illuminated under different light sources. While effective in some situations, classical photometric stereo relies on a diffuse surface model that cannot handle objects with complex reflectance patterns, and it is sensitive to non-idealities in the images.

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