Annealed Score-Based Diffusion Model for MR Motion Artifact Reduction

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Annealed Score-Based Diffusion Model for MR Motion Artifact Reduction

Gyutaek Oh; Sukyoung Jung; Jeong Eun Lee; Jong Chul Ye

Motion artifact reduction is one of the important research topics in MR imaging, as the motion artifact degrades image quality and makes diagnosis difficult. Recently, many deep learning approaches have been studied for motion artifact reduction. Unfortunately, most existing models are trained in a supervised manner, requiring paired motion-corrupted and motion-free images, or are based on a strict motion-corruption model, which limits their use for real-world situations. To address this issue, here we present an annealed score-based diffusion model for MRI motion artifact reduction. Specifically, we train a score-based model using only motion-free images, and then motion artifacts are removed by applying forward and reverse diffusion processes repeatedly to gradually impose the low-frequency data consistency. Experimental results verify that the proposed method successfully reduces both simulated and in vivo motion artifacts, outperforming the state-of-the-art deep learning methods.


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