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SPL Featured Articles

In many applications, different populations are compared using data that are sampled in a biased manner. Under sampling biases, standard methods that estimate the difference between the population means yield unreliable inferences.

Effectively utilizing the common information in a set of video frames is a vital aspect in video segmentation. However, existing methods that transport the common information from a prior frame to the current frame do not make use of the common information effectively.

Existing forensic techniques for image manipulation localization crucially assume that probe pixels belong to one of exactly two classes, genuine or manipulated. This letter argues that this convention fuels mis-labeling particularly in unsupervised settings, where singular but genuine...

In smart metering systems, a rechargeable battery can be utilized to protect the privacy of a user from the utility provider by partially masking the load profile of the user. In this line of research on using rechargeable batteries for privacy protection, most existing works have studied only single-user systems using rechargeable batteries. 

This letter investigates how to place the received-signal-strength (RSS) sensors to improve the static target localization accuracy in the three-dimensional (3-D) space. By using the A-optimality criterion, i.e., minimizing the trace of the inverse Fisher information matrix (FIM), a new optimal RSS sensor placement strategy is developed when sensors can be placed freely in the 3-D space.

In this letter, we consider the problem of direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation with one-bit quantized array measurements. With analysis, it is shown that, under mild conditions the one-bit covariance matrix can be approximated by the sum of a scaled unquantized covariance matrix and a scaled identity matrix.

In this letter, we address the problem of simultaneously tracking several moving audio sources, namely the problem of estimating source trajectories from a sequence of observed features. We propose to use the von Mises distribution to model audio-source directions of arrival with circular random variables. This leads to a Bayesian filtering formulation, which is intractable because of the combinatorial explosion of associating observed variables with latent variables, over time. We propose a variational approximation of the filtering distribution.

Aiming at accurate weak sea-surface target detection, this letter devotes to designing a learning-based detector that can work well even in varying detection environments. We first exploit the concept of the fractal theory to extract three representative features in the time and frequency domains and construct a three-dimensional feature space. We then combine the constructed feature space with the decision tree approach to design an environment-adaptive detector.

We investigate the blind identification and separation of underdetermined linear instantaneous mixtures with a single sensor and an arbitrary known number of sources with finite known support and uniform distribution. We propose channel estimators based on the high-order statistics of the received signal and on the rotational symmetries of the source constellations. Explicit expressions for distinct and equal rotation orders are derived. The proposed estimators are used as initializers for the iterative least squares with enumeration algorithm to enhance its convergence properties.

In this letter, we address an audio signal separation problem and propose a new effective algorithm for solving a bilevel optimization in discriminative nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF). Recently, discriminative training of NMF bases has been developed for better signal separation in supervised NMF (SNMF), which exploits a priori training of given sample signals.


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