Improved Interval Estimation Method for Cyber-Physical Systems Under Stealthy Deception Attacksterpretable Deep Multi-Modal Hashing for Large-Scale Multimedia Retrieval

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Improved Interval Estimation Method for Cyber-Physical Systems Under Stealthy Deception Attacksterpretable Deep Multi-Modal Hashing for Large-Scale Multimedia Retrieval

Jianwei Fan; Jun Huang; Xudong Zhao

This paper investigates the problem of interval estimation for cyber-physical systems subject to stealthy deception attacks. The cyber-physical system is supposed to be compromised by malicious attackers and on the basis of that, a stealthy attack strategy is formulated. Moreover, the stealthiness of the attack strategy against χ2 -detector is analyzed. To accomplish interval estimation, the interval observer is designed by the monotone system method. Then, a novel method which combines reachable set analysis with H technique is proposed. Theoretical comparison between the monotone system method and the proposed method is presented and it shows that the proposed method is able to improve the estimation accuracy. Finally, two illustrative examples are provided to demonstrate the superiority and effectiveness of the improved method.

A cyber-physical system (CPS) is a synthesis of physical process, efficient computation, communication and effective control [1]. Structurally, a CPS system, which is depicted in Fig. 1, consists of perception layer, networking layer and control layer [2]. CPSs are widely applied in power grid, health-care, industrial manufacturing and so on.

However, security vulnerabilities are intrinsic to the cyber parts of CPSs. The malicious adversaries are able to formulate various attack strategies by compromising CPSs’ availability, confidentiality or integrity [3][4][5][6]. Roughly speaking, cyber attacks in the literature can be divided into three categories, namely, Denial of service (Dos) attacks, Replay attacks and Deception attacks [7]. The most common attacks seen in the literature are the Dos attacks. Cyber attacks degrade system performances or, worse, cause enormous economic losses and even may put people’s lives in danger. Hence, attack detection has drawn great attention in the works [8][9][10] herein. From the system-theoretic and graph-theoretic perspectives, the authors of [8] characterized undetectable cyber attacks and designed centralized and distributed monitors. [9] focused on the research of detection and mitigation of data injection attacks in gossip algorithm and proposed two decentralized strategies to detect attackers. The aforementioned works considered the case where the plant is compromised by a single kind of attacks, however, as the adversaries continually optimize their attack strategies, the defenders must prepare themselves for more complicated and serious situation, including combinations of different attack types. Concerning that the physical layer and cyber layer are simultaneously compromised by false data injection attacks and jamming attacks, Y. Guan et al. [10] constructed resilient attack detection estimators to accomplish secure estimation and attack detection.

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