End-to-End Audiovisual Speech Recognition System With Multitask Learning

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IEEE Transactions on Multimedia

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End-to-End Audiovisual Speech Recognition System With Multitask Learning

Fei Tao; Carlos Busso

An automatic speech recognition (ASR) system is a key component in current speech-based systems. However, the surrounding acoustic noise can severely degrade the performance of an ASR system. An appealing solution to address this problem is to augment conventional audio-based ASR systems with visual features describing lip activity. This paper proposes a novel end-to-end, multitask learning (MTL), audiovisual ASR (AV-ASR) system. A key novelty of the approach is the use of MTL, where the primary task is AV-ASR, and the secondary task is audiovisual voice activity detection (AV-VAD). We obtain a robust and accurate audiovisual system that generalizes across conditions. By detecting segments with speech activity, the AV-ASR performance improves as its connectionist temporal classification (CTC) loss function can leverage from the AV-VAD alignment information. Furthermore, the end-to-end system learns from the raw audiovisual inputs a discriminative high-level representation for both speech tasks, providing the flexibility to mine information directly from the data. The proposed architecture considers the temporal dynamics within and across modalities, providing an appealing and practical fusion scheme. We evaluate the proposed approach on a large audiovisual corpus (over 60 hours), which contains different channel and environmental conditions, comparing the results with competitive single task learning (STL) and MTL baselines. Although our main goal is to improve the performance of our ASR task, the experimental results show that the proposed approach can achieve the best performance across all conditions for both speech tasks. In addition to state-of-the-art performance in AV-ASR, the proposed solution can also provide valuable information about speech activity, solving two of the most important tasks in speech-based applications.

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