Massively Distributed Graph Distances

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Massively Distributed Graph Distances

Armin Moharrer; Jasmin Gao; Shikun Wang; José Bento; Stratis Ioannidis

Graph distance (or similarity) scores are used in several graph mining tasks, including anomaly detection, nearest neighbor and similarity search, pattern recognition, transfer learning, and clustering. Graph distances that are metrics and, in particular, satisfy the triangle inequality, have theoretical and empirical advantages. Well-known graph distances that are metrics include the chemical or the Chartrand-Kubiki-Shultz (CKS) distances. Unfortunately, both are computationally intractable. Recent efforts propose using convex relaxations of the chemical and CKS distances. Though distance computation becomes a convex optimization problem under these relaxations, the number of variables is quadratic in the graph size; this makes traditional optimization algorithms prohibitive even for small graphs. We propose a distributed method for massively parallelizing this problem using the Alternating Directions Method of Multipliers (ADMM). Our solution uses a novel, distributed bisection algorithm for computing a p -norm proximal operator as a building block. We demonstrate its scalability by conducting experiments over multiple parallel environments.

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