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IEEE TIP Article

Signal decomposition is a classical problem in signal processing, which aims to separate an observed signal into two or more components, each with its own property. Usually, each component is described by its own subspace or dictionary. Extensive research has been done for the case where the components are additive, but in real-world applications, the components are often non-additive.

The surface normal estimation from photometric stereo becomes less reliable when the surface reflectance deviates from the Lambertian assumption. The non-Lambertian effect can be explicitly addressed by physics modeling to the reflectance function, at the cost of introducing highly nonlinear optimization.

Being able to cover a wide range of views, pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) cameras have been widely deployed in visual surveillance systems. To achieve a global-view perception of a surveillance scene, it is necessary to generate its panoramic background image, which can be used for the subsequent applications such as road segmentation, active tracking, and so on.

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