SPL Volume 31 | 2024

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SPL Volume 31 | 2024

Adaptive importance sampling (AIS) methods provide a useful alternative to Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms for performing inference of intractable distributions. Population Monte Carlo (PMC) algorithms constitute a family of AIS approaches which adapt the proposal distributions iteratively to improve the approximation of the target distribution. 

Vision Transformer (ViT)-based image super-resolution (SR) methods have achieved impressive performance and surpassed CNN-based SR methods by utilizing Multi-Head Self-Attention (MHSA) to model long-range dependencies. However, the quadratic complexity of MHSA and the inefficiency of non-parallelized window partition seriously affect the inference speed, hindering these SR methods from being applied to application scenarios requiring speed and quality.

Learning-based approaches inspired by the scattering model for enhancing underwater imagery have gained prominence. Nevertheless, these methods often suffer from time-consuming attributable to their sizable model dimensions. Moreover, they face challenges in adapting unknown scenes, primarily because the scattering model's original design was intended for atmospheric rather than marine condition.

Decoding silent reading Electroencephalography (EEG) signals is challenging because of its low signal-to-noise ratio. In addition, EEG signals are typically non-Euclidean structured, therefore merely using a two-dimensional matrix to represent the variation of sampling points of each channel in time cannot richly represent the spatial connection between channels. 


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