1. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine
2. Signal Processing Digital Library*
3. Inside Signal Processing Newsletter
4. SPS Resource Center
5. Career advancement & recognition
6. Discounts on conferences and publications
7. Professional networking
8. Communities for students, young professionals, and women
9. Volunteer opportunities
10. Coming soon! PDH/CEU credits
Click here to learn more.
10 years of news and resources for members of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Foteini Agrafioti (University of Toronto), “ECG in Biometric Recognition: Time Dependency and Application Challenges”, Advisor: Dimitrios Hatzinakos (2011)
As biometric recognition becomes increasingly popular, the fear of circumvention, obfuscation and replay attacks is a rising concern. Traditional biometric modalities such as the face, the fingerprint or the iris are vulnerable to such attacks, which defeats the purpose of biometric recognition.
This thesis advocates the use the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal for human identity recognition. The ECG is a vital signal of the human body, and as such, it naturally provides liveness detection, robustness to attacks, universality and permanence. In addition, ECG inherently satisfies uniqueness requirements, because the morphology of the signal is highly dependent on the particular anatomical and geometrical characteristics of the myocardium in the heart. However, the ECG is a continuous signal, and this presents a great challenge to biometric recognition. With this modality, instantaneous variability is expected even within recordings of the same individual due to a variety of factors, including recording noise, or physical and psychological activity. While the noise and heart rate variations due to physical exercise can be addressed with appropriate feature extraction, the effects of emotional activity on the ECG signal are more obscure.
This thesis deals with this problem from an affective computing point of view. This thesis attempts to provide the necessary algorithmic and practical framework for the real-life deployment of the ECG signal in biometric recognition.
For details, please contact the author or visit the thesis page.
© Copyright 2023 IEEE – All rights reserved. Use of this website signifies your agreement to the IEEE Terms and Conditions.
A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity.