Initiatives & Trends

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10 years of news and resources for members of the IEEE Signal Processing Society

Initiatives & Trends

In the mid-1940s, a few brilliant people drew up the basic blueprints of the computer age. They conceived a general-purpose machine based on a processing unit made up of specialized subunits and registers, which operated on stored instructions and data. Later inventions—transistors, integrated circuits, solid-state memory—would supercharge this concept into the greatest tool ever created by humankind. So here we are, with machines that can churn through tens of quadrillions of operations per second. We have voice-recognition enabled assistants in our phones and homes.

The Amazon Lex service is now generally available, announced at the Amazon Web Services (AWS) 2017 San Francisco Summit. Amazon Lex is a fully managed AI service that enables developers to build conversational interfaces into any application using voice and text. It is powered by the same deep learning technologies used in Amazon Alexa.

For our June 2017 issue, we cover recent patents dealing with audio coding.

For our February 2018 issue, we cover recent patents granted in the area of image and video compression.
In patent no. 9,866,835 devices and methods for obtaining borehole images at a surface installation while a borehole-imaging downhole tool is logging a borehole are provided. One such method may involve, while the downhole tool is disposed in the borehole, obtaining a first borehole image at a first depth of investigation using the borehole-imaging downhole tool. 

For our January 2018 issue, we cover recent patents granted in the area of applications of medical MR or CT data segmentation.

The invention no. 9,659,370 relates to a method for segmenting MR Dixon image data. A processor and a computer program product are also disclosed for use in connection with the method. The invention finds application in the MR imaging field in general and more specifically may be used in the generation of an attenuation map to correct for attenuation by cortical bone during the reconstruction of PET images.

Researchers from Facebook AI Research have won the Best Paper Award (Marr Prize) at the 16th International Conference on Computer vision (ICCV) 2017, held in Venice, Italy. The work, named "Mask R-CNN", addresses the problem of instance segmentation, which combines tasks of object detection and semantic segmentation. Below is the presentation given by the first author Kaiming He at the conference.

Spy satellites and their commercial cousins orbit Earth like a swarm of space paparazzi, capturing tens of terabytes of images every day. The deluge of satellite imagery leaves U.S. intelligence agencies with the world’s biggest case of FOMO—“fear of missing out”—because human analysts can sift through only so many images to spot a new nuclear enrichment facility or missiles being trucked to different locations.

For our December 2017 issue, we cover recent patents granted in the area of applications of active contours.

Georgia Tech professor David Citrin is revealing the secrets of 17th century artists thanks to 21st century signal processing. Using modern high-speed scanners and the advanced signal processing techniques, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are peering through layers of pigment to see how painters prepared their canvasses, applied undercoats, and built up layer upon layer of paint to produce their masterpieces.
 

How can we use modern signal processing and artificial intelligence to enhance medical devices such as hearing aids? A new startup called Mythic in a Redwood City, California, is trying to revive analog computing for artificial intelligence.

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