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OJSP Articles

OJSP Articles

This paper presents a neural-enhanced probabilistic model and corresponding factor graph-based sum-product algorithm for robust localization and tracking in multipath-prone environments. The introduced hybrid probabilistic model consists of physics-based and data-driven measurement models capturing the information contained in both, the line-of-sight (LOS) component as well as in multipath components (NLOS components). The physics-based and data-driven models are embedded in a joint Bayesian framework allowing to derive from first principles a factor graph-based algorithm that fuses the information of these models.

Neural networks have achieved state-of-the-art performance on the task of acoustic Direction-of-Arrival (DOA) estimation using microphone arrays. Neural models can be classified as end-to-end or hybrid, each class showing advantages and disadvantages. This work introduces Neural-SRP, an end-to-end neural network architecture for DOA estimation inspired by the classical Steered Response Power (SRP) method, which overcomes limitations of current neural models.

In this article, we consider using time-of-arrival (TOA) measurements from a single moving receiver to locate a moving target at constant velocity that emits a periodic signal with unknown signal period. First, we give the TOA measurement model and deduce the Cram e´ r-Rao lower bounds (CRLB). Then, we formulate a nonlinear least squares (NLS) problem to estimate the unknown parameters. We use semidefinite programming (SDP) techniques to relax the nonconvex NLS problem.

Synthetically-generated images are getting increasingly popular. Diffusion models have advanced to the stage where even non-experts can generate photo-realistic images from a simple text prompt. They expand creative horizons but also open a Pandora's box of potential disinformation risks. In this context, the present corpus of synthetic image detection techniques, primarily focusing on older generative models like Generative Adversarial Networks, finds itself ill-equipped to deal with this emerging trend.

The prominent success of neural networks, mainly in computer vision tasks, is increasingly shadowed by their sensitivity to small, barely perceivable adversarial perturbations in image input. In this article, we aim at explaining this vulnerability through the framework of sparsity. We show the connection between adversarial attacks and sparse representations, with a focus on explaining the universality and transferability of adversarial examples in neural networks.

An online topology estimation algorithm for nonlinear structural equation models (SEM) is proposed in this paper, addressing the nonlinearity and the non-stationarity of real-world systems. The nonlinearity is modeled using kernel formulations, and the curse of dimensionality associated with the kernels is mitigated using random feature approximation.

The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) has gained attention in the area of Multi-Carrier Modulation (MCM) because it can overcome some well known limitations of Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) based MCM systems. Its improved spectral containment removes the need for a cyclic prefix, be it that appropriate equalization then has to be added as the cyclic convolution property no longer holds. Most DWT based MCM systems in the literature use Time-domain EQualizers (TEQs) to mitigate the channel distortion. 

With the integration of communication and computing, it is expected that part of the computing is transferred to the transmitter side. In this paper we address the general problem of Frequency Modulation (FM) for function approximation through a communication channel. We exploit the benefits of the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) to approximate the function and design the waveform. In front of other approximation schemes, the DCT uses basis of controlled dynamic, which is a desirable property for a practical implementation. 

In this paper, we consider robust channel estimation for a millimeter wave (mmWave) massive MIMO system with uniform planar arrays (UPA). For many gridless angle estimation methods of mmWave channels, the channel gains needs to be time-invariant during training. We propose a gridless method that is applicable to time-invariant and time-varying channels, and the proposed method is robust to channel variations. 

Quantized constant envelope (QCE) transmission is a popular and effective technique to reduce the hardware cost and improve the power efficiency of 5G and beyond systems equipped with large antenna arrays. It has been widely observed that the number of quantization levels has a substantial impact on the system performance.


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